The Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector accounts for about a quarter (10-12 GtCOeq/yr) of net anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mainly from deforestation, agricultural emissions from soil and nutrient management and livestock (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014). The AFOLU sector plays a central role for food security and sustainable development and plays a critical role in both climate change adaptation and mitigation.
The IPCC Report recognises that when implemented sustainably, activities to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation are cost-effective policy options for mitigating climate change, with potential economic, social and other environmental and adaptation co-benefits for e.g conservation of biodiversity and water resources and reducing soil erosion.
REDD+ is a mitigation approach to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation.
The acronym REDD+ is Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and forest carbon stock enhancement.